Entrepreneurs acquire enormous wealth after exiting their businesses through sales, IPOs or liquidation. But what happens after they exit their ventures?
In a study, “After the harvest: A stewardship perspective of entrepreneurship and philanthropy,” in the Journal of Business Venturing (2017), authors Blake D. Mathias, Shelby Solomon and Kristin Madison found 4 key reasons why the rich redistribute their wealth after exiting successful ventures.
- Intrinsic motivations: They want to do meaningful work after making large amounts of money.
- Identification: The rich want to have a sense of identity and advance a cause they believe in.
- Personal power and long-term orientation: They crave for an opportunity to influence future generations.
- Stewardship norms: Most feel they have a sense of obligation to give back.
This award winning study analyzed “The Giving Pledge” letters of 99 entrepreneurs and separately conducted in-depth interviews with 19 of them. In 2017, when the study was conducted, there were 142 individuals, 70% of whom were entrepreneurs who had signed on to the “The Giving Pledge.”
Today, there are over 200 individuals from 23 countries who are part of the “The Giving Pledge,” and have committed a majority of their wealth to philanthropy or charitable causes.
The study found that the rich display an innate responsibility to “act as stewards of their communities.”
And, this is very evident in the way latest entrants to “The Giving Pledge” like MacKenzie Bezos have committed to pledging over half of the $36 billion she inherited in Amazon stocks. “I have no doubt that tremendous value comes when people act quickly on the impulse to give. No drive has more positive ripple effects than the desire to be of service,” she says in her Giving Pledge letter.
“In addition to whatever assets life has nurtured in me, I have a disproportionate amount to share,” Bezos adds.
This reminds me of a well cited Princeton study “High income improves evaluation of life but not emotional well being,” that showed the world that anything beyond a $75,000 annual income will not buy you emotional well-being. Authors Daniel Kahneman and Angus Keaton found that emotional well-being rises with income but anything beyond $75,000 is not going to buy you happiness.
However, for those who have made so many more multiples than $75,000, their entrepreneurial exits, often called harvests, trigger their ability to give.
And, social expectation will prompt them to give, be good stewards of society and perhaps buy a little happiness on the way. But one thing is very clear: it is insanely difficult for the mega rich not to give!